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Joints Arthritis

Arthritis is a term for joint pain and inflammation. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, and they can affect any joint in the body. The most common symptoms of arthritis are:

  • Joint pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

There are two main types of arthritis:

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is caused by wear and tear on the joints over time. The cartilage that cushions the ends of bones breaks down, which causes pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint, but it is most common in the knees, hips, hands, and spine.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack the joints. This can cause inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect any joint, but it most commonly affects the hands, feet, wrists, knees, ankles, and shoulders.

Treatment program:

  • Faradic stimulation to improve muscle power.
  • TENS application for pain relief by causing a mild electrical stimulation to the neural system that enhances production of beta endorphin and encephalin (pain killer).
  • Ultrasound for pain relief by increase extensibility of muscles, allow micro message effect, vasodilatation of the blood vessels and Increasing number of white blood cells that invade the microorganisms.
  • Laser therapy for pain relief through accelerate the inflammatory phase of the healing process, stimulating B endorphin secretion which is associated with inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandin, decreased the conduction velocity of the sensory nerve and stimulates the gate control to inhibit pain pathway.
  • Electromagnetic field to decrease pain and inflammation.
  • Strengthening exercise to improve muscle power.
  • Stretching exercise to improve flexibility of muscles.
  • Hot / cold application to decrease pain, improve circulation and decrease edema.
  • Proprioceptive exercise to regain joint receptor sensitivity.
  • Mobilization/ manipulation techniques to improve R.O.M of joints and decrease pain.
  • Kinesio Tapping to improve circulation, decrease muscle spasm and support joints.
  • At Dar EL-MONA Creating an individualized plan of treatment begins with a comprehensive assessment, which informs the development of a tailored individualized intervention strategy.
  • Each patient’s treatment plan is tailored to their specific needs, considering the severity of their condition, overall health, and rehabilitation goals. Continuous assessment and adjustment of the manual therapy techniques ensure optimal outcomes.