Cognitive rehabilitation therapy program is designed to help in the process of relearning cognitive skills that have been lost or altered as a result of damage to brain due to stroke, injury, trauma or following a neurological procedure. If skills cannot be relearned, then new ones have to be taught to enable our resident to compensate for their lost cognitive functions. The process of CRT comprises 4 components:
- Education about cognitive weaknesses and strengths. The focus here is on developing awareness of the problem.
- Process Training. This refers to the development of skills through direct retraining or practicing the underlying cognitive skills. The focus here is on resolving the problem.
- Strategy Training. This involves the use of environmental, internal and external strategies. The focus here is on compensating rather than resolving the problem.
- Functional Activities Training. This involves the application of the other three components in everyday life. The focus here is on real life improvements.