Back pain is pain felt in the back, pain may be acute, sub-acute, or chronic depending on the onset. The pain may originate from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the vertebral column. Depending on the region or the segments of the spine, pain may be: Cervical neck pain, thoracic (middle back pain), lumbar (lower back pain ) or coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain).
The most common cause of back pain is due to muscular cause which accounts for about 85% (muscle strain).
Another potential source of lower back pain is the synovial joints of the spine
There are several other potential sources and causes of back pain these include: Spinal disc herniation, degenerative disc disease or isthmic spondylolisthesis, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), lumbar spinal stenosis, trauma and fractures
Other less common causes may include cancer, infection and inflammatory disease.
The management goals when treating back pain are to achieve maximal reduction in pain intensity as rapidly as possible, to restore the individual’s ability to function in everyday activities, to help the patient cope with residual pain, to assess for side-effects of therapy. For many, the goal is to keep the pain to a manageable level to progress with rehabilitation.
Not all treatments work for all conditions or for all individuals with the same condition. After consideration of the effects of the back problem on the individual physical function and the expected rate of recovery, different methods of assessment are considered.
Dar El Mona Emphasis on selecting the appropriate measurement tool according to the individual’s level of function. Also, the need to measure the individual performance under different environmental constraints
Dar el Mona state of the art Computer-based physical therapy systems (virtual reality) enable patients to maintain their attention and concentration while stretching and strengthening their physical capacities. In many of these new systems, the program operates by projecting patient’s current image onto a virtual environment presented on a screen. Then, the patient will perform a given set of exercises, prescribed by the therapist, which are aimed to ameliorate their physical abilities while having fun.
The recorded measurement data are shown on a computer system using image processing software. A comparison between different measurements is immediate